|Complex: a complex is composed of components that can be distinguished from each other and are relatively autonomous. Complex behavior refers to systems that consist of several components. The relative independence of the components is manifested in their behavior. Relative autonomy of the components is determined by the description of the complex as a whole.|
|Geach, Peter T.
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Compound Expressions/Complex Terms/Relative Clause/Geach: Problem: not merely simple predicate corresponds to the R clause - ambiguous to whom "someone", "he" or "anyone" refers - Range: deceptive E.g. a woman admired by all natives is beautiful/his wife/gift - Russell: "denoting expressions" must be radically paraphrased - Geach pro
Compound Expressions/Complex Terms/Relative Clause/Geach: Relationship pronoun - antecedent analogous to variable operator - ambiguous - solution: resolution by additional pronouns: "if", "and", etc. - (s) it is not about unity, but about dissolving the unity - Symbolic Language/Geach: (e.g. ML): can dissolve unity by definition: E.g. "y belongs to the class of Ps": differs depending on whether with equal sign or epsilon: >"for a class x, y belongs to x, and if something belongs to x, it is P" - E.g. wrong: "only a woman who has lost all sense of shame gets drunk" - right: a woman only gets ... when she..." otherwise follows: "Men never get drunk"
Logic Matters Oxford 1972