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|Animals||Dawkins I 121
Animal/Lorenz: (The so-called evil) thesis: emphasizes the moderate and fair character of the fights of animals. They fight basically according to rules and prefer the bluff to the deadly seriousness. Submission gestures are recognized by the winner. Animals fight with "gloved fists."
DawkinsVsLorenz: this interpretation can be disputed, also the human is not the only being who kills his own fellow-human beings.
In fact, unreserved fighting fury also entails costs.
Aggression/Evolutionary stable strategy/ESS/Maynard Smith: Strategy: "Attack when the enemy flees, chase it, when it fights back, run away."
Dawkins: this must not be understood as a deliberately developed strategy of the individual!
Definition Evolutionary stable strategy/ESS/Dawkins: an evolutionary stable strategy is one that - if the majority of the members of a population adopts it - cannot be surpassed by any alternative strategy.
Page numbers here from the German Edition: K. Lorenz, Das sogenannte Böse Wien, 1963
Animal/Descartes: an animal does not act but is passive.
McDougalVsDescartes/Lorenz: a healthy animal is active.
Das egoistische Gen, Hamburg 1996
M. St. Dawkins
Die Entdeckung des tierischen Bewusstseins Hamburg 1993