Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Self-talk: Self-talk refers to the inner dialogue and thoughts individuals have with themselves. It encompasses conscious and subconscious conversations, influencing emotions, behaviors, and perceptions of situations. See also Self-knowledge, Self-consciousness, Self-reference, Self, I, Ego, Self, Consciousness.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Jean Piaget on Self-Talk - Dictionary of Arguments

Upton I 76
Self-Talk/Piaget/Upton: Piaget (1923)(1) called self-tak egocentric speech and suggested that it reflects some of the limitations of young children’s cognitive skills, which we discuss in the next section.
>Cognitive development/Piaget
VygotskyVsPiaget: In contrast, Vygotsky argued that all speech, including self-talk, is ‘social’ and therefore self-talk did not disappear – it simply becomes internalised.
Vygotsky argued that to believe that self-talk disappears would be like believing that children stop counting when they stop using their fingers to do so. Vygotsky alleged that, even when internalised, self-talk continues to guide a child’s actions. This idea is given some support by the way in which the conscious use of self-talk intensifies when children are presented with tasks of increasing difficulty.
>Vygotsky, >Self-Talk.

1. Piaget, J. (1923) Language and Thought of the Child. London: Routledge.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Piag I
J. Piaget
The Psychology Of The Child 2nd Edition 1969

Upton I
Penney Upton
Developmental Psychology 2011

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> Counter arguments against Piaget
> Counter arguments in relation to Self-Talk

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