|Observation: detecting characteristics and behavior of objects by whatsoever contact with the object unlike conclusions from past processes or assumeded or imperceptible parts or hidden parameters. See also hidden variable, observation language, theories.|
|Quine, Willard Van Orman
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|Observation||Rorty I 296
Weight of theory in observation: from it follows Quine’s overthrow of the two dogmas. (Kuhn, Feierabend). If we were to admit for once that Newton was not better than Aristotle, because his words corresponded with reality, and if we were to base our preference not simply on the vague holistic reasoning that Newton allowed us to better get on with reality, then we would have no arguments for the separation of science from religion.
Quine I 89f
Stimulus meaning independent of number of speakers - observation proximity: societal: similarity of the stimulus meaning in the Community. - Observation proximity high: colors. - Low: Bachelor.
Gaurisankar: opportunity sentences are mutually exclusive, after discovery stimulus meanings collapse.
Categorical observation sentences: independent of space and time where there’s smoke, there’s fire - through language learning - knowledge still needs Space/Time - but they are theoretical terms! - Truth of categorical observation sentences not by observation - But by falsification. (> Popper).
Observation/theory/Quine: here there are two relationships: an epistemological one of confirmation and a semantic one through which the sentences acquire meaning - these two relations are coextensive, in other words: the epistemological and semantic relationship between observations and sentences are coextensive. - ((s) this is not identity.)
Observation/Quine: do not define! - Instead: observation sentences. - Observation: smell, taste, touch, hearing sensation. - Behavioral criterion: consent, agreement that do not rely on sense data. - ((s) but on language? - B-sentence: Does usually not speak about feelings but external things, no conclusions - ultimately everyday language, not specialization.
Everyone learns their object language in their own way.
But it must be possible to learn by direct conditioning - learning by determining the similarity basis.
Observation sentence: only has a truth value in conjunction with a situation.
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953
Bezeichnung und Referenz
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000