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Bourgeois/Citizen: "Bourgeois" refers to the middle class, associated with property and capitalist interests. "Citoyen" means citizen and embodies civic responsibilities in a republic. The former denotes social class, the latter emphasizes civic identity. See also Republic, State, Society, Community, History.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

J.-J. Rousseau on Bourgeois/Citizen - Dictionary of Arguments

Mause I 46
Citioyen/citizen/Rousseau: Only in a republican community does the individual enjoy "civil liberty" (1), because only the legal force of the common will effectively justifies the right to property and he can understand himself as citoyen and at the same time as the author of all laws, who thus, by obeying the volonté générale, ultimately obeying only himself, is thereby autonomous - an insight which in turn constitutes his "moral freedom" (2) and, according to Rousseau, in the absence of which it is appropriate that "he is forced to be free" (3). In the event of a conflict between the private interests of the bourgeois and the volonté générale embodied in the public-interest citoyen, the latter is therefore decisive and in this the republican primacy of Rousseau's politics is paradigmatically condensed in terms of its relationship to the economy.
, >Society, >Property, >General will, >Freedom, >Liberty, >Economy.

1. J.-J. Rousseau, Vom Gesellschaftsvertrag oder Prinzipien des Staatsrechts. In Politische Schriften, Hrsg. Ludwig Schmidts, Bd.1, Paderborn 1977, S. 79
2. Ibid
3. Ibid. p. 77.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Rousseau I
J. J. Rousseau
Les Confessions, 1765-1770, publ. 1782-1789
German Edition:
The Confessions 1953

Mause I
Karsten Mause
Christian Müller
Klaus Schubert,
Politik und Wirtschaft: Ein integratives Kompendium Wiesbaden 2018

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