Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Quine, Willard Van Orman
 
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Individuation II 23/24
Theseus ship: this is not about the expression the same but the expression ship.
Each general term has its own individuation principle.
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II 158
Individuation: in our world, moment-to-moment individuation by predicates - for objects at random (everything can be the object), crucial for predicates. > truth value.
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V 84
Individuation/Object/language acquisition/Quine: in order to learn dog one has to learn more than the existence - we must also learn the individuating power of the term, the splitting of the reference - ((s)> shared reference) - one must learn what is to be regared as one dog and what as another - Dog is more like Water than like Mom: you can see several dogs - Thing: from similarity 2nd order (similarities) - pointing/Problem: This is a dog - must not exclude any dog - (general term).
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V 88
Individuation/Overlapping/Pointing/Quine: no problem: Dogs never overlap: each consists exactly of the points that belong to the same dog as a particular point - dogs do not have common points - different: overlapping circular disks: here the shape needs to be redrawn while pointing at it - Quine: only at the beginning of learning - solution: you can easily tell a is identical with b. Whether a is the same dog or the same ear depends on whether a is a dog or an ear.
QuineVsGeach: thus his relativism becomes untenable - Still identity relative in a deeper sense: I-standards are different.
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V 102
Pointing: E.g. This body is an animal: here the outline must be carefully traced, otherwise it may be that only the trunk is regarded as an animal.
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V 125
Individuation/General term/Quine: -Square is an individuating word - ((s) Fido is not: E.g. This is Fido.)
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V 161
Individuation/Quine: its fineness depends on the number of the general terms in the language - lexical glasses - individuation takes place in the eye of the beholder.
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VII 157
Properties/Individuation/Quine: properties are individuated as follows: two open sentences which determine the same class do not determine the same property if they are not analytically equivalent. (!).
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XII 64f
Individuation/Apparatus/Translation indeterminacy/ontological relativity/Quine: words for object, identity predicate the same as, a different one, plural form, logical particles, pronouns - that’s the frame of reference (coordinate system) - Important argument: this is not consistent in translation! - Uncertainty: you can counter: In what sense of rabbit? ((s) whether part or whole).

Q I
W.V.O. Quine
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980

Q II
W.V.O. Quine
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985

Q III
W.V.O. Quine
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978

Q IX
W.V.O. Quine
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967

Q V
W.V.O. Quine
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989

Q VI
W.V.O. Quine
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995

Q VII
W.V.O. Quine
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953

Q VIII
W.V.O. Quine
Bezeichnung und Referenz
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

Q X
W.V.O. Quine
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005

Q XII
W.V.O. Quine
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003


> Counter arguments against Quine



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-25