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Liberalism: Liberalism in political philosophy is a set of beliefs that emphasize individual liberty, equality, and the rule of law. Liberals believe that individuals should be free to live their lives as they see fit. See also Libertarianism, Communitarianim, Individualism, Freedom, Society, Democracy.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Benjamin Barber on Liberalism - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 681
Liberalism/BarberVsLiberalism/Barber: Thesis: in American democracy reigns a "lobbyist policy" "politics of images", a "politics of mass society" instead of genuine citizen participation. (written in 1984). (1) Liberalism or the concept of representation associated with liberalism, which destroys participation, was responsible for this. (2)
Brocker I 682
Liberal Democracy/Barber: focuses on individual rights and an electoral government.
>Electoral systems
, >Electoral fraud, >Electoral rules.
Problem: liberalism misunderstood "politics as keeping predators".
Brocker I 683
The core of liberalism is an instrumental understanding of democracy. Politics is then there to protect individuals against external interference and to achieve this protection in such a way that it is compatible with the supposedly unchanging characteristics of individuals. Liberalism tends to summarize the characteristics of individuals in pessimistic descriptions.
Brocker I 684
Liberalism/Barber: the pre-conceptual framework is characterized by ideas such as "property", "territory", "borders", "sanctions", "freedom" and "power". Aspects such as human interdependence, mutual assistance, cooperation, membership, brotherhood, community and citizenship are neglected. (3)
>Property, >Freedom, >Power.
Method/Liberalism/Barber: the methodology of liberalism is a "Cartesian" one, i.e. knowledge is gained through the application of a reliable method.
>Method, >Cartesianism.
BarberVsLiberalism: Politics is not the application of truth to the problem of human relationships, but the application of human relationships to the problem of truth. (4)
Brocker I 685
BarberVsLiberal Democracy: thesis: liberalism creates a type of person whose psyche is susceptible to the totalitarian temptation by throwing the human back on itself. (Haus: here parallels to Hannah Arendt's thinking are revealed.) Nevertheless:
BarberVsArendt/BarberVsStrauss, Leo: these are nostalgic theories. (5)
>H. Arendt, >Leo Strauss.

1. Benjamin Barber, Strong Democary, Participatory Politics for a New Age, Berkeley CA, 1984, Dt. Benjamin Barber, Starke Demokratie. Über die Teilhabe am Politischen, Hamburg 1994, S. 12.
2. Ebenda S. 13.
3. Benjamin Barber Strong Democray. Participatory Politics for a New Age. Twentieth-anniversary edition, Berkeley/Los Angeles/London 2003 S. 34f.
4. Ibid. p. 64f.
5. Ibid. p. 100.

Michael Haus, „Benjamin Barber, Starke Demokratie“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

PolBarb I
Benjamin Barber
The Truth of Power. Intellectual Affairs in the Clinton White House New York 2001

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

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