Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Governance: Governance is the process of making and enforcing decisions within an organization or society. It is the system by which power is exercised and controlled. Governance includes the rules, processes, and institutions that guide decision-making. See also Government, Community, Society, Politics, Institutions.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

al-Farabi on Governance - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 126
Governance/rule/al-Farabi/Höffe: Just as there is a guiding and at the same time perfect organ in the hierarchically structured body, so a community needs an excellent regent, who by his innate nature belongs to the rule, to which the gift of prophecy also belongs.
The ideal ruler is characterized (...) by a double qualification, by the unity of philosophy and prophecy, which makes one think of Mohammed qua Regent of the city-state of Medina, even if al-Fārābī does not name him here.(1) The excellent ruler must also be a good orator who knows how to convince, in which the precedence over authoritarian orders is evident.
Al-FarabiVsPlato: two differences:
a) While Mohammed willingly took over the rule of Medina, i.e. he had a "natural" interest in power, Plato lacks this interest, for his
Höffe I 127
philosophers must be forced to rule because they prefer to philosophize rather than rule.
b) Socrates [is] a mere philosopher who, according to the Symposium, allows himself to be taught by a priestess, Diotima, but does not present his teaching as a revelation free from self-reflection and criticism.
Ruler: Dominion [is] not inherited, since it is not the son but the most able who should rule.

1. al-Farabi, On the perfect State.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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