David Held on Democracy - Dictionary of Arguments
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Democracy/international insstitutions/globalization/Held/Dryzek: The more critical stances that democratic theorists are inclined to take would highlight the limitations on democracy that this global dominance of minimalist liberal democracy plus capitalism entails. >Minimalist liberalism/Dryzek.
But any such critical response is easily countered if it remains devoid of ideas about how such dominance might realistically be challenged (without retreating to ungrounded idealism). Part of the response might involve the strengthening and democratization of international institutions in response to the migration of political power from the state to the transnational political economy.
Held: This is,
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for example, the approach taken by Held and his fellow advocates of a cosmopolitan democracy that would involve a more inclusive United Nations Security Council, a strengthened UN General
Assembly, cross-national referenda, and international economic, military and judicial authorities accountable to regional and global parliamentary bodies (Held, 1995(1); Archibugi, Held and Köhler, 1998(2)).
Dryzek: Alternatively, if state democracy can only be minimalist, theorists might explore non-state locations for the pursuit of democracy. Such locations might involve public spheres in both domestic and transnational civil society that remain distant from state power though still oriented to public affairs (Cohen and Arato, 1992(3); Fraser, 1992(4); Dryzek, 1996(5): 46—53), and home to social movements.
1. Held, David (1995) Democracy and the Global Order: From the Nation State to Cosmopolitan Governance. Cambridge: Polity.
2. Archibugi, Daniele, David Held and Martin Köhler, eds (1998) Re-Imagining Political Community: Studies in Cosmopolitan Democracy. Cambridge: Polity.
3. Cohen, Jean and Andrew Arato (1992) Civil Society and Political Theory. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
4. Fraser, Nancy (1992) 'Rethinking the public sphere: a contribution to the critique of actually existing democracy'. In Craig Calhoun, ed., Habermas and the Public Sphere. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
5. Dryzek, John S. (1996) Democracy in Capitalist Times: Ideals, Limits, and Struggles. New York: Oxford University Press.
Dryzek, John S. 2004. „Democratic Political Theory“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gerald F. Gaus
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004