Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Subject-Object Problem: In idealism, the subject-object problem concerns the relationship between the perceiving subject and the perceived object. It questions how the mind apprehends external reality and whether the world exists independently of our perception or is dependent on the mind for its existence. See also Idealism, Reality, World/Thinking, Existence, Ideas, Mind, Knowledge.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Simone de Beauvoir on Subject-Object Problem - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 305
Subject-Object Problem/Gender Relation/Beauvoir: As the subject, the man opposes the world, he makes it the field of his designs and formation and turns himself into its ruler, "[if] however he grasps himself as a body, as something sexual, he is no longer autonomous consciousness, transparent freedom: he is engaged in the world, is a limited, transitory object".
Sexuality "denies the proud uniqueness of the subject" (1).
Man alienates himself from the real totality of his existence, because he, caught in omnipotence fantasies and self-glorification, is not prepared to accept the bodily-creatural limitations of his existence. The woman, on the other hand, succumbs to the temptation of self-abandonment and thus chooses the opposite path of an unsuccessful existence.
Problem: "In addition to the ethical claim of every individual to assert oneself as a subject, there is the temptation to flee one's freedom and to constitute oneself as a thing.
>Subject/Hegel
, >Object/Hegel,


1. Simone de Beauvoir, Le deuxième sexe, Paris 1949. Dt.: Simone de Beauvoir, Das andere Geschlecht. Sitte und Sexus der Frau, Reinbek 2005 (zuerst 1951), S. 218.

Friederike Kuster, „Simone de Beauvoir, Das andere Geschlecht (1949)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Beauvoir, Simone de
Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2024-04-23
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