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Universal history: Universal history deals with the history of mankind as a whole. It examines the connections and interactions between the various cultures and civilizations of the world. See also history, world history, historiography, cultures, civilization.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Francis Fukuyama on Universal History - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 808
Universal History/Fukuyama: In the second part of his book (1), based on Kant and Hegel, Fukuyama develops the idea of a universal history.
Def Universal History/Fukuyama: Thesis: History is a struggle for ideas, not a series of events. This is a dialectical process: it is marked by contradictions that intensify and end in revolutionary change, which in turn means progress towards the realisation of democracy. The meaning of the story is the teleological movement towards freedom. It is therefore pursuing a direction and a goal.
Progress/Fukuyama: Progress is also technologically influenced, but technological progress alone cannot explain the emergence and implementation of democratic systems. There must be another driving force for this: the struggle of the individual for recognition. See Humans/Fukuyama
, Recognition/Fukuyama.

1. Francis Fukuyama, The End of History and the Last Man, New York 1992. Dt. Francis Fukuyama, Das Ende der Geschichte. Wo stehen wir?, München 1992.

Anja Jetschke, „Francis Fukuyama, Das Ende der Geschichte“, in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

PolFuku I
Francis Fukuyama
The End of History and the Last Man New York 1992

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

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