Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

Home Screenshot Tabelle Begriffe

Positivism, philosophy: modern positivism represents the demand to trace back statements with a claim to explanation to differences which can be ascertained in the objects of investigation. What is ascertainable is, in this case, relativized to a framework theory and its methods. This is intended to exclude foreign and non-verifiable statements. See also empiricism, internal/external, truth, provability.<
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Bas van Fraassen on Positivism - Dictionary of Arguments

I 3
Logical Positivism/Fraassen: added a linguistic component or a meaning theory and a language theory to empiricism - FraassenVsPositivism - (pro empiricism).
Positivism: however, is right that ontological and epistemic problems are actually linguistic - in particular, modality. >Modalities
, >Ontology, >Observation language, >Language.
I 13f
Positivism/Theory/Observation/Language/Theoretical Terms/Fraassen: Grover MaxwellVsPositivism: distinction theory/observation cannot be drawn. >Observation.
"Theoretical entities"/Fraassen: category error: only terms are theoretical. >Theories.
1. Can language even be divided in theoretical/non-theoretical?
2. Can objects and events be divided into observable/non-observable?
Maxwell: denies both - Fraassen ditto.
Also in everyday language there are theoretical terms. >Everyday language, >Theoretical terms.
For example, a flying horse is observable - seeing-as: prehistoric men see no tennis ball because they can not see it "as".
I 16
Observability/Maxwell/Fraassen: observability is gradual (e.g. by distance). >Unobservables.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Fr I
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980

Send Link
> Counter arguments against Fraassen
> Counter arguments in relation to Positivism

Authors A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Y   Z  

Concepts A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2023-09-29
Legal Notice   Contact   Data protection declaration