|Terminologies: here, special features of the language use of the individual authors are explained._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Affection/Hume: 1. affectivity (on sensations) - 2. The Social (above the reason)
Affect/affection/Hume: 1. Effects of the association (provides generality, rule) - 2. Effects of affect (gives content, allows practical and moral action) - affect is not a representation - reason: does not determine action - affect: determines the act.
Sympathy/Hume: leads us to abandon our interests - basis of morality - but only with respect to close loved ones, relatives-> partisanship. - The human being is less selfish than partisan - so the sympathy does not go beyond the individual interest or the affect.
Human/Hume: naturally selfish - Moral/Hume: not dependent on instinct.
Vivacity/Hume: Problem: the general rule does not know an owner, it is abstract - uniformity of the true moral judgment: not alive.
general rule: unity of a reflection and an extension - (here always expansion) - the affect reaches beyond itself, because it reflects itself - the general rule is the reflected affect in the imagination.
Affect/imagination/Hume: Problem: how is their relationship that enables the affect to develop a complex effect?
Solution: the principles of affect exceed the mind (like the principles of association). - E.g. imagination goes easily from a remote thing to the next , but not vice versa - E.g. from brother to I, but not vice versa. - Affect: gives these connections a meaning.
I 71 f
Custom/Hume: Paradox: it is formed gradually and is also a principle of human nature. - A principle is the habit to adopt habits. - So the development is itself a principle (= experience).
Definition Purpose/Hume/Deleuze: The purpose (Deleuze: finalité) is thought not recognized as the original conformity of the principles of human nature with nature itself - unity of origin and the qualitative determination - four principles: reason, instinct, procreation growth.
Affect/Hume: is produced by the body: a) directly from within itself: E.g. Hunger - b) with other causes: joy, pride, humility, etc. - Nature has also provided the mind with certain instincts.
Transcendence/Kant/Deleuze: the thinking goes beyond the imagination, without disengaging from it - the transcendental makes transcendence immanent. Something = X. - HumeVsKant: in his work nothing transcendental - instead: finality: the conformity of the subject with the given (not random). - (The conformity requires a connection of the moments of the subject.)
Vivacity/agile/Hume: origin of mind - basic feature of the impression - not a product of principles._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997