Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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G.W.F. Hegel on Freedom - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 332
Freedom/Hegel/Höffe: The guiding principle in legal and state theory is free will. >State/Hegel
Free will: Hegel wants to show how the free will, under the condition of modernity, an epoch of alienation, gradually attains its full, alienation-absorbing reality.
HegelVsKant: Hegel deviates significantly from (...) Kant, both in his understanding of freedom and law and in the way he argues. However, he shares the fundamental appreciation of the law and the state. Kant calls the law in eternal peace the "eyeball of God"(1) according to Hegel's basic lines it is "something sacred in the first place" (§ 30)(2).
Freedom, with which the differences begin, he understands, however, not negatively as "being allowed to do" and "let do", but positively as "being with oneself in the other". Consequently, he is not satisfied with a generally acceptable freedom, but
Höffe I 333
aims at the "existence of free will," where "existence" means as much as "full reality".


1. Kant, Zum ewigen Frieden, 1795, (Fn. zum Ersten Definitivartikel),
2. Hegel, Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts oder Naturrecht und Staatswissenschaft im Grundriss, 1820


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-08-01
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