Racism/theory of justice as fairness/Rawls: in the theory of justice as fairness, a hypothetical initial state of a society to be established is assumed, in which the persons are behind a veil of ignorance that does not allow them to know what positions they will take in the structure later on. In this situation it is clear that racism and sexual discrimination are not only unfair but also irrational. Not only are they not moral conceptions, but they are simply a means of oppression.
However, this is not a question of definition, but rather a consequence of the conditions of the initial situation of a society to be established, in particular from the conditions of rationality. The fact that legal concepts have a certain content and exclude arbitrariness is a consequence of the theory._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005