Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Species: groups of individuals based on common characteristics. See also biological species, natural kinds.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Louis Agassiz on Species - Dictionary of Arguments

Gould I 176 ff
Species/Louis Agassiz/Gould: Agassiz was, according to Gould, the most important American biologist in the 19th century, born in Switzerland, died in 1873, an opponent of racial discrimination, but a little chauvinistic because of his upper class background.
Agassiz thesis: Species are static, created circumstances. In his day, Agassiz was practically the only non-Darwinian.
At that time, questions were discussed such as: Was Adam the great-grandfather of all men or just the white men? Are black people and Indians our brothers or do they just look like us?
I 179
The polygenists - including Agassiz - believed that each species was created separately. Characterizations by Agassiz: the brave, irrepressible and proud Indian next to the servile, submissive Negro and the tricky, clever and cowardly Mongolian. (1) (See also Evolution/Agassiz).

1. L. Agassiz,

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Agassiz, Louis
Gould I
Stephen Jay Gould
The Panda’s Thumb. More Reflections in Natural History, New York 1980
German Edition:
Der Daumen des Panda Frankfurt 2009

Gould II
Stephen Jay Gould
Hen’s Teeth and Horse’s Toes. Further Reflections in Natural History, New York 1983
German Edition:
Wie das Zebra zu seinen Streifen kommt Frankfurt 1991

Gould III
Stephen Jay Gould
Full House. The Spread of Excellence from Plato to Darwin, New York 1996
German Edition:
Illusion Fortschritt Frankfurt 2004

Gould IV
Stephen Jay Gould
The Flamingo’s Smile. Reflections in Natural History, New York 1985
German Edition:
Das Lächeln des Flamingos Basel 1989

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-01-18
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