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End of History: In his book "The End of History and the Last Man," Francis Fukuyama argues that the end of history is the universalization of Western liberal democracy. Fukuyama argues that the end of history is not the end of change, but rather the end of ideological struggle. See also History, Historiography, Universal history, World history, Society.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Francis Fukuyama on End of History - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 809
End of History/Fukuyama: Thesis: One of the global political consequences of democracy (see Democracy/Fukuyama
, Universal History/Fukuyama, Recognition/Fukuyama) is that the power principle of international politics is replaced by economic competition. States no longer perceive themselves as threatening, but merely as competitors. The prerequisite is a higher density of democracies, a fact that makes wars less likely according to Fukuyama.
Post-historical world: This situation has been realized in Europe, North America and partly in Latin America. Outside there is the historical world, which is essentially congruent with the Islamic world, in which international politics is still characterized by power politics.
In liberal democracy, where the struggle for recognition is largely realized, there are few social differences. Human development
Brocker I 810
is finished. The type of human being that has emerged is the last of its kind ("Last Man"/Fukuyama).
Problem: this state has new problems, e.g. boredom (Fukuyama relies on Nietzsche here). People rebel against being undifferentiated members of a universal and homogeneous state. The mutual recognition of people leads to a value relativism that leads to the dissolution of a firm attachment to tradition, authority and community-building values.

Anja Jetschke, „Francis Fukuyama, Das Ende der Geschichte“, in: Manfred Brocker (Ed.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

PolFuku I
Francis Fukuyama
The End of History and the Last Man New York 1992

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

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