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Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Description: A. Characterization of singular objects or events instead of giving a name. As opposed to names descriptions are not rigid, i.e. they may refer to different objects in different worlds. - B. Linguistic form for attributing predicates according to the perceptions of objects. See also rigidity, theory of descriptions.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Wilfrid Sellars on Descriptions - Dictionary of Arguments

I 27
Report/statement/Sellars: phrases like "This is green" both have a facts-declaratory and a reporting use.
E.g. Tie seller John must learn to suppress his report. I.e. the report on his own sensory impression which contradicts the fact that he has learned: under different illumination the colors can change.
John says now: "this tie is blue". But he makes no reporting use of this sentence. He used it in the sense of a conclusion.
Report: experiences, feelings, sensations.
On the other hand:
Determination: conclusion, facts.
>Experience, >Sensations, >Facts, >Conclusion; cf. >Ideal observer, >Standard conditions.
II 318
Thesis: that one can translate every statement that contains at least one reference expression and a descriptive expression, into a (fictional) understandable language, that contains the equivalent of reference expressions, but not of description expression, but therefore a special notation for reference terms, in which the description expressions can be translated into.
Once again the essence of "mapping" has been proved as a translation. (Mapping/translation).
>Mapping, >Translation, >Observation language, >Perception, >Seeing-as, >Concepts/Sellars.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Sellars I
Wilfrid Sellars
The Myth of the Given: Three Lectures on the Philosophy of Mind, University of London 1956 in: H. Feigl/M. Scriven (eds.) Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 1956
German Edition:
Der Empirismus und die Philosophie des Geistes Paderborn 1999

Sellars II
Wilfred Sellars
Science, Perception, and Reality, London 1963
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2023-06-01
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