|Science: A. Science is a) an inventory of statements on defined subject domains obtained with certain methods, rules and instruments as well as b) a set of methods, instruments and rules for obtaining new statements on the same subject domain. B. Groups of people who are counted to a subject area, whereby these groups are being formed by the common acceptance of methods, rules, instruments and the limitation of the subject areas. See also observation, observability, methods, systems, theories, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, verification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Transcendental Naturalism/TN/McGinn: Definition "scientific sentence": so we shall call a sentence whose meanings do not produce specific philosophical confusions, but which refers to puzzling objects.
Then we can say that the answer to the body-soul problem is constituted in a number of scientific sentences, which are not accessible to any human according to transcendental naturalism, or if they were conceived by a living creature, that would not trigger in them a feeling of a philosophical mystery.
Science/McGinn: does it obey a grammar? Perhaps the ability to combine is a fundamental property?
1. basic smallest elements "atoms".
2. laws to their combination.
3. The resulting complexes. (McGinn, formerly "CAlM" combinatorial atomism with lawlike mappings)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Problems in Philosophy. The Limits of Inquiry, Cambridge/MA 1993
Die Grenzen vernünftigen Fragens Stuttgart 1996
The Mysteriouy Flame. Conscious Minds in a Material World, New York 1999
Wie kommt der Geist in die Materie? München 2001