|Life: systems that have at least the following characteristics are alive metabolism, energy input and output, reproductive capacity, adaptation to environmental changes while maintaining the system's own stability. See also systems, bodies._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Aristotle on Life - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 60
Life/Aristotle/Höffe: According to Aristotle, there are two "legitimate" forms of life, because they are fortunately suitable: the moral-political life (bios politikos) and the theoretical life devoted to metaphysics and other fundamental considerations (bios theorêtikos). The form of life dedicated to the divine in man has a higher rank than the ordinary, righteous life.
Eudaimony: The justification refers to the guiding goal of ethics, eudaimony, and to the performance characteristic of man, the logos, language and reason nature of man.
Theory: The life dedicated to the theoria now fulfils the eudaimony criterion, self-sufficiency, to a higher degree. For, unlike political life, it does not require external goods, nor does it require fellow citizens and friends; moreover, it is free from the threat of adverse circumstances.
Politics: Thanks to his rational nature, man is designed to transcend political life, so that paradoxically, where he does transcend, he is "most human". (1) Of course, only a few people are capable of this transgression; even they can only transgress for a short time, in a completely fulfilled moment.(2)
1 Nicomachic ethics X 7, 1178a7
2. Metaphysics XII 7, 1072b14 f.)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016