|Zombies: A zombie is a fictional or mythological undead creature, often depicted as a reanimated corpse without consciousness or free will. In the philosophy of mind, the thought experiment of the existence of zombies serves to investigate the possibility of whether there could be beings without consciousness that do not differ from us in their behavior. In other words, whether consciousness is necessary for seemingly rational behavior. See also consciousness, behavior.<_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Robert Stalnaker on Zombies - Dictionary of Arguments
Zombies/perceptive faculty/Stalnaker: you cannot say that there are possible worlds with zombies that are conceivable but metaphysically impossible. General Picture: consciousness refers to a property that we find in us, and that we probably know, because we have it. But the fact that we are conscious does not provide special access to the nature of this property.
Zombie/materialism/Stalnaker: simple argument VsMaterialism: Zombies are conceptually impossible. Then there would be two possible worlds that are physically indistinguishable, but can be distinguished in terms of qualitative experiences and consciousness that can be inside them. Then the consciousness does not supervene on the physical.
>Supervenience, >Consciousness, >Materialism.
MaterialismVsVs: materialism must accept that there could be zombies in the real world, but assert that there are none.
Materialism must be compatible with the having of consciousness.
Zombie/Stalnaker: z-World: is a world in which there is nothing, except that which supervenes on the physical. The absence of consciousness is not mentioned but it is possible that there are zombies - otherwise the z-world is like the w-world. Later: a-world: the a-world additionally has consciousness, qualia, and so on ((s) that is not explicitly denied for the z-world).
Zombie/theoretical weight/theory-laden/Stalnaker: if consciousness is theory-laden, it is built into the meaning of what the theory assumes about it. Then the word is no longer innocent and then we might learn something new about it.
Example: if water turned out to be a collective term for all manner, then we would say "It is not water" (because it were no element). On the other hand: innocent use: the innocent use corresponds to the whatever ((s) the concept of role then denies theory ladenness?).
Zombie/conceivability/Stalnaker: conceivability as an argument for possible existence: limited sense of conceivability: if it is conceivable that we live in an a-world, then it is conceivable in this restricted sense that there are zombies there.
Materialism: if he is right and we live in a z-world, then there is no possible world that could be described correctly as a zombie world.
Conceivability: in a restricted sense conceivability is not an argument VsMaterialism. One would have to assume beforehand that materialism is wrong._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Ways a World may be Oxford New York 2003