|Science: A. Science is a) an inventory of statements on defined subject domains obtained with certain methods, rules and instruments as well as b) a set of methods, instruments and rules for obtaining new statements on the same subject domain. B. Groups of people who are counted to a subject area, whereby these groups are being formed by the common acceptance of methods, rules, instruments and the limitation of the subject areas. See also observation, observability, methods, systems, theories, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, verification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Max Black on Science - Dictionary of Arguments
Science/Black: some: instead of truth better probability as a target. - BlackVs: it is easier to find a truth about copper than a probability. - Benjamin Franklin: young people should begin sentences with "possibly".
Science/Existence/Truth/Black: Thesis: Truth assertions imply the attribution of existence to the objects of which we speak. - It is unclear what the last objects are.
Objectivity/Black: part of the core is that the objects are independent from us. - Planck: it is of paramount importance that the outside world is independent from us.
Science/T. H. Huxley: is nothing but a common sense, but one that is better trained and organized.
Neutrality/Science/Value Neutral/Black: in which war should one be neutral here? - Whether cancer is an evil is not a scientific question. - In order to be able to be neutral, one must be able to take sides. -
Science has nothing to do with non-scientific issues. - This is a logical problem.
In a deduction nothing can follow that is not already contained in the premises.
Black: nevertheless VsNeutrality of science. >Naturalistic fallacy. _____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
"Meaning and Intention: An Examination of Grice’s Views", New Literary History 4, (1972-1973), pp. 257-279
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, G. Meggle (Hg), Frankfurt/M 1979
The Labyrinth of Language, New York/London 1978
Sprache. Eine Einführung in die Linguistik München 1973
The Prevalence of Humbug Ithaca/London 1983
"The Semantic Definition of Truth", Analysis 8 (1948) pp. 49-63
Truth and Meaning, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994