|Word: a structure separated by spaces from other words within a language. In general, words are formed by one or more characters which are attached to one another. Whole words can in turn be interpreted as signs. In human languages, the elements of the words are letters; in computer languages, other symbols are used within words. See also concepts, expressions, terms, language, characters, symbols, subsentential, meaning.<_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Michel Foucault on Words - Dictionary of Arguments
Language/words/Foucault: Critique in contrast to the comment as the analysis of a visible form in contrast to the discovery of a hidden content.
>Content, >Language, >Meaning.
Criticism of words: Impossibility to build a science or a philosophy with the traditional vocabulary: the general concepts are denounced, by means of which this is blended, what is separated in the representation, the abstract terms are criticized, which separate what must remain connected. Analysis of Figures.
Types of words with their respective expressions, the tropes: the different relationships which the words can entertain with the same representative content. (Pars pro toto, essential or secondary, etc.)
It was no longer a matter of saying again what was already said in the old texts, but to define by which figures and pictures, in the sequence of which order, to express what aims, this or that speech of God or the prophet in us has been remained in the traditional form.
19th century: Literature as a privileged object of criticism has been approaching what language is in its very essence since Mallarmé, and thus it challenges a second language, which is no longer the form of criticism, but of the commentary.
>Literature, >Texts, >Writing._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Les mots et les choses: Une archéologie des sciences humaines , Paris 1966 - The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences, New York 1970
Die Ordnung der Dinge. Eine Archäologie der Humanwissenschaften Frankfurt/M. 1994
l’Archéologie du savoir, Paris 1969
Archäologie des Wissens Frankfurt/M. 1981