|Utilitarianism: is a doctrine of ethics which takes the assumed greatest benefit for the greatest number of affected people as the moral aim. See also hedonism, good/the good, preference-utilitarianism, rule-utilitarianism, ethics, morality, deontology, consequentialism, benefit._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Peter Singer on Utilitarianism - Dictionary of Arguments
Utilitarianism/P. Singer: When it comes to achieving happiness for the largest number of individuals, consideration is given to what suffering or misfortune could be caused by enforcement. Utilitarianism is therefore not unrealistic. E.g. lies can be assessed in some circumstances as bad, in others however as good, depending on its consequences.
Utilitarianism/Bentham/P. Singer: Bentham thesis: "Everyone counts as one and nobody as more than one".
Utilitarianism/P. Singer: my version is not that of the classic utilitarians like Bentham, Mill and Sidgwick. Their utilitarianism is called "hedonist utilitarianism", which is about the multiplication of happiness. > Preference utilitarianism.
Death/Hedonist Utilitarianism/P. Singer: since there are no needs for the future after death, according to hedonistic utilitarianism there is no direct relevance of the term "person" (with a sense of the future) in relation to the falsehood of killing. Indirectly, however, there is: in relation to the fears that I can have as a living being.
Care for one's own future is now what distinguishes the person from other living beings._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015