Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Teleology: teleology is the doctrine that dates back to Greek antiquity that processes in nature are oriented to a cause of purpose. There are two types of teleology, a) one of which assumes internal (immanent, in things), or b) external (transcendental, determined by a world-being) purpose causes. See also purposes, goals, causes, nous, logos, determinism.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 560
Teleology/RawlsVsTeleology/Rawls: the problems of hedonism show how problematic teleological theories are in principle. (See Hedonism/Rawls). The teleological view will necessarily move towards a kind of hedonism in order to form a coherent theory when it comes to an applicable method of offsetting and weighing objectives. The weakness of hedonism is the impossibility of defining a superior maximum goal.
Problem: it is a misunderstanding from the outset to relate the right and the good in a wrong way. We cannot align our lives with a previously independently defined good. It is not our goals that reveal our nature, but the principles that we recognize. Our self has priority over our goals.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Rawl I
J. Rawls
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-04-08
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