Baruch Spinoza on Contract Theory - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 236
Contract Theory/Treaty/Spinoza/Höffe: The state contract necessary to overcome the state of nature is only valid under utility considerations. (Cf. Constitution/Spinoza).
A categorical commandment such as the requirement to remain eternally faithful is foolish for Spinoza. In order to be able to expect loyalty to the treaty, more harm than good must therefore follow from the breach of the treaty, which endangers the political stability required for the establishment of a state.
While Hobbes does not grant absolute sovereignty to the monarchy in principle, but for pragmatic reasons, according to Spinoza it belongs to democracy alone (1).
1. Spinoza, Tractatus theologico-politicus
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Spinoza: Complete Works Indianapolis 2002
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016